WHAT IS TITLE INSURANCE?
For most of us, buying a home is usually the largest single investment many of us will make. When you purchase a property, you will obtain several types of insurance coverage. Homeowners insurance protects against loss from fire, theft and wind damage. Flood insurance protects against rising water. A unique coverage known as title insurance protects against hidden title hazards that may threaten the financial investment in your home.
Protecting Your Largest Single Investment
Title insurance is not as well understood as other types of home insurance but it is just as important. You see, when purchasing a home, you are really purchasing the title to the property – the right to occupy and use the space. That title may be limited by rights and claims asserted by others, which may limit your use and enjoyment of the property and even bring financial loss. Title insurance protects against these types of title hazards.
Other types of insurance that protect your home focus on possible future events and charge an annual premium. On the other hand, title insurance protects against losses from hazards and defects that already exist on the title and is purchased with a one-time premium.
Two kinds of title insurance benefit you in two ways
There are two kinds of title insurance:
-Lender or mortgagee protection
Most lenders require mortgagee title insurance as security for their investment, just as they might require fire insurance and other types of coverage as issues for protection. When title insurance is provided, lenders are willing to make mortgage money available.
Owner’s title insurance lasts as long as you, the policyholder, or your heirs, has an interest in the insured property. This may even be after you have sold the property. Depending on local practices, you may pay an additional premium for an owner’s policy or you may pay a simultaneous issue charge – usually a much smaller amount – for the separate lender’s coverage.
What does your premium pay for?
An important part of title insurance is its emphasis on risk elimination. This gives you, as the policy holder, the best possible chance for avoiding a title claim and loss.
Title insuring begins with a search of public land records affecting the real estate concerned. An examination is conducted by the title agent, on behalf of its underwriter, to determine whether the property is insurable. The examination of evidence from a search is intended to fully report all “material objections” to the title. Frequently, documents that don’t clearly transfer title are found in the “chain”, or history that is assembled from the records in a search. Here are some examples of documents that can present concerns:
-Deeds, wills and trusts that contain improper wording or incorrect names;
-Outstanding mortgages and judgments, or a lien against the property because the seller has not paid his taxes;
-Easements that allow construction of a road or utility line;
-Pending legal action against the property that could affect a purchaser; or
-Incorrect notary acknowledgments.
Through the search and the examination, title problems are disclosed so they can be corrected whenever possible. However, even the most careful preventative work cannot locate all hidden title hazards.
Hidden Title Hazards – Your Last Defense
In spite of all the expertise and dedication that go into a title search and examination, hidden hazards can emerge after closing, resulting in unpleasant and costly surprises. Some examples of hazards include:
-A forged signature on the deed, which would mean no transfer of ownership to you;
-An unknown heir or a previous owner who is claiming ownership of the property;
-Instruments executed under an expired or a fabricated power of attorney; or
-Mistakes in the public records.
Title insurance offers financial protection against these and other covered title hazards. The title insurer will pay for defending against an attack on title as insured, and will either perfect the title or pay valid claims. All for a one-time charge at closing.
Your home is your most important investment. Before you go to closing, ask about your title insurance protection, and be sure to protect you home with an owner’s title insurance policy.